The Eastern grenadier or purple grenadier (Uraeginthus ianthinogaster) is a species of passerine bird of the East African family Estrildidae.
They usually measure 13.3 cm (5.25 in). Both sexes, throughout the life, have the black tail and the adults the red beak. Males have a reddish head, while their neck and spots around their eyes are blue. Her hindquarters are blue as well as her belly that takes on a purple hue. Females are smaller, brown cinnamon with white spots on their breasts while their eyes are surrounded by silvery blue circles. The young are more similar to females, although somewhat browner, and with a reddish brown beak. Its phylogeny was obtained by the Spanish Antonio Arnaiz-Villena et al. Habitat and distribution 
It can be found in low and dry areas of tropical and subtropical scrub, in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Uraeginthus ianthinogaster has five recognized subspecies:
Uraeginthus ianthinogaster hawkeriUraeginthus ianthinogaster ianthinogaster . Uraeginthus ianthinogaster roosevelti . Uraeginthus ianthinogaster rothschildi Uraeginthus ianthinogaster .