How to Plant and Grow Your Vanilla Seeds
The vanilla plant is a flower vine that is actually part of the orchid family. The most common plant of vanilla is the plant of vanilla - flat of leaves (V. planifolia). This vanilla plant is a native of Mexico and is where most of the vanilla flavor is derived.
Vanilla plants for growth prefer high humidity and bright, indirect sunlight. They also require a lot of water and extremely hot temperatures. If you can provide the right growing conditions, you can grow your own vanilla at home.
What You'll Need
br> Potting soil
Fluorescent plant lamp
Something of vine trellis in the long stick, like bamboo
Gardening gloves Step 1 - Purchase your vanilla bean plant
You will need to buy a vanilla bean plant from a reputed producer. As vanilla plant takes 3-5 years to bloom, it does not make sense to try to start a plant from the seed. You can do an online search for "vanilla bean plants" or "vanilla orchids". Or visit a local orchid grower, if there is one in your area.
Step 2 - Transplant your vanilla bean plant
Hopefully you have been able to buy a bean plant from healthy vanilla that is 3-5 years old. Depending on its size, you will want to transplant it into a more permanent pot. Choose a pot that is slightly larger than the pot where your plant arrived. You can also use a pot that is up to twice its original size. However, try not to use a boat much larger than your vanilla plant.
Gently release the vanilla plant from its original pot by slightly squeezing the bottom of the pot (if it is plastic). Be careful not to pull the plant by its stem. If the plant leaves easily, simply place it in the new pot and fill to the top with the ground. If the plant is the root of wheels, which means that there are lots of roots grouped into a ball, you will want to gently pull on the bottom of the root ball with your fingers. This will help release the roots in the soil of the new pot.
Step 3 - Support your vanilla bean plant
A row of sustained vanilla bean by stakes out.
Vanilla bean plants will go up, which is why these plants need support. Gently push your support bet into the pot, near the base of the vine. Be careful not to cut the vine or get too close to the main roots. If your vine is large, you can use multiple stakes or a trellis frame made for climbing plants.
Step 4 - Water your vanilla bean plant
You will want to keep the top layer of the damp pot, however, you do not want the whole pot to be soggy. You will also need to lightly moisten the entire plant every day or every two days. Step 5 - Create the Perfect Growing Environment
A greenhouse with plants inside.>
You can grow a vanilla bean plant at home. However, it will not bloom in low light conditions. If your plant does not bloom, it will not develop vanilla pods.
Cistelleria Pou @Cistelleriapou
Vanilla bean plants are best born in environments with warm, regular temperatures and bright indirect sunlight and high humidity. While a greenhouse is the perfect place to grow a vanilla bean plant, you can also create that kind of atmosphere at home.
You will want to fertilize your vanilla bean plant every two weeks during the spring and summer months. The best type of fertilizer for a vanilla bean plant is the orchid fertilizer.
Step 7 - Pollinate your vanilla bean plant
A close-up of a grain of Vanilla bean plant.
Vanilla bean plants need to be pollinated to produce vanilla pods. You can deliver flowers pollinating vanilla plants, however, it can be extremely difficult and can take several tries.
To pollinate a vanilla bean plant you will need to remove some pollen (with a toothpick ) from the anther of a flower and place it on the stigma. This process is best completed in the middle of the morning. The stigma of a vanilla bean plant is covered by a shield. You will have to carefully peel this shield, place the pollen along the column, and then push the shield in place.
If the process works, you will see how vanilla pods begin to form in a week. After 8-9 months you can harvest your vanilla beans. If you have difficulties, do an Internet search on "pollination of vanilla bean plants" and you will find more detailed information and examples.
Step 8 - Harvest your pods vanilla
A close-up of vanilla beans.
You can harvest your vanilla beans as soon as the tips begin to turn yellow. This will happen approximately 8 or 9 months after pollination.