"I believe that putting out polling booths is a basic democratic right and we are following a democratic road", he said.
In an interview with Spanish news agency EFE, Rajoy said the solution to the Catalan crisis was a prompt return to legality and "a statement as soon as possible that there will not be a unilateral declaration of independence, because that will also avoid greater evils", Rajoy said. They say 90% voted for independence, however they have not published final results.
Regional president Carles Puigdemont on Wednesday called for mediation but did not withdraw his threat to declare independence.
Pro-independence Catalan leaders are pressing ahead despite an emphatic warning from King Felipe VI.
"I don't think "keeping" is the word, as if Spain had taken Catalonia from someone".
And if Catalonia does succeed in breaking away, it's likely to find itself shut out of the European Union and its system of banking regulation.
Representatives for Sabadell were not immediately available to comment. The dollar's surge put the pressure on carry trade currency favourites such as the Aussie and the New Zealand dollar, which were down by more than 0.3 percent each.
On Wednesday, Spanish stocks suffered the biggest drop since the Brexit referendum in the United Kingdom past year. The IBEX 35 stock index jumped 2.5 percent versus a 2.9 percent fall Wednesday.
Spain's constitutional court has suspended a session of the Catalan parliament where separatists were planning to declare independence.
Dr Uxo says civil unrest is much more likely than civil war, primarily because Catalonia doesn't have an army or trained personnel, but also because civil unrest would be seen as a better path towards gaining global recognition for independence.
The chamber of the Parliament of Catalonia is seen in Barcelona, Spain, October 5, 2017.
"It is shameful they take all that money and they've not said anything about European Union citizens being clubbed, literally clubbed, by police officers".
The court said such a move would be "a breach of the constitution".
The next move could involve suspending the regional government and implementing direct rule from Madrid.
Barcelona Mayor Ada Colau has called on both sides to talk. "Dialogue brings people together". On Monday, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, called on the government of Spain "to accept without delay" the requests by relevant UN human rights experts to visit, and urged the Spanish authorities to ensure "thorough, independent and impartial investigations into all acts of violence".
The Catalan regional government has said it could declare independence as early as Monday.
A political and constitutional crisis has gripped the country since Sunday's referendum, with Catalan separatists and the national government in Madrid each refusing to change course.
Catalan authorities said 893 people were injured, four badly, as police raided the voting sites, swinging truncheons and firing rubber bullets. "We don't want war or conflict".
The government has praised the police response, calling it proportionate. Some 431 police officers were also reported hurt, the country's Interior Ministry reported.
Most of San Rafael, including the town hall, is in the Valencia region, which has no plans to leave Spain.