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The Brazilian Portuguese Personal Subject Pronouns
Imagine introducing yourself to a friend you've just met in school. I already know your name because that's the first thing you said after "hi". Now you're about to tell him your age, that's twenty or something. You would definitely "repeat" your name in your next sentence and the next sentence after the next. That 's silly and unnecessary sound!
Now, you'd use "I" instead of your first name, or whichever information you gave. For example: I am Miguel. I'm 20 years old; instead of: I'm Miguel. Miguel is 20 years old. These pronouns are usually omitted in speech. However, for the purpose of this lesson they are shown.
"I" is just one of several subjects pronouns in the Portuguese language. There are 9 other pronouns, and you'll learn them as you advance. You use "I" to refer to yourself (the first person, the "talker"). Say, you are tall. You say: I am tall.
If you address your new friend directly (you're the second person, the one talked to), you'd use "you" instead of his name. You're how old, are not you? When you talk about your new friend's fat teacher, you use "he" if the teacher is male or "she" if female. For example: She is fat. The teacher is the third person, the one talked about although not necessarily around during the conversation.
On the other hand, "I" is a first-person singular pronoun. Singular because there is only 1 person that is referred to, and that is "yourself".
Study the table below to know the different subject pronouns in the Portuguese language.
Noticed the boldfaced pronouns in the SECOND PERSON row? These forms are rarely used in the Brazilian variant of Portuguese; they are more common in the European.
In Brazil, you will also hear "we" instead of "we". Both refer to the same person (first person, plural). "The Lord" and "the lady" used in place of "you" is considered more respectful. Say, you are addressing stranger, someone you met for the first time, a lot older person than you or a person in authority. Do you want something to eat? You want something to eat? instead of Do you want something to eat?
One more thing is the gender of the plural pronouns "they" and "they". When you talk about a couple, you use the masculine plural pronoun "they". You also use the same pronoun for a group of students (a mix of male and female students). For example: They are in the classroom. The class can have 11 boys and 12 girls, or 20 boys and 2 girls, as long as it is a mix of boys and girls.
Now, test your knowledge of the Portuguese subject by doing the exercise below.
EXERCISE: Suppose you are the speaker of the sentences. Fill in the blank with the correct subject pronoun. Clues are in parentheses after the sentences.
1. Sings very well. (The subject here is Mariah Carey)
2. We are Brazilian. (The subject here is you and your girlfriend)
4. I'm young. (The subject here is you yourself)
5. _ They are not very old. (The subject here is both your parents)
6. "I always wake up at six o'clock. (The subject here is you yourself)
7. _ is very intelligent. (The subject here is your teacher who is a girl)
8. _ it is late. (The subject here is the mailman)
9. They're drinking coffee. (The subject here is a certain Melissa and Tamara)10. _ is reading. (The subject here is the reader)
I hope you enjoy this lesson! Please do not forget to comment below for your answers or suggestions. They are really helpful. Thank you and happy holidays !!!