The number of refugees from the fledgling country, established six years ago, spiked by 64 per cent in the last six months of 2016 to over 1.4 million, the majority of them children, according to the refugee agency's annual global refugee trends report released Tuesday on World Refugee Day.
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency, almost 66 million people were forcibly displaced from their homes past year as a result of persecution, violence and human rights violations. The numbers in the report also showed that out of the 65.6 million, 10.3 million had fled from their homes just in 2016.
"But it's also a moment to recognise those communities and people around the world who receive refugees and the internally displaced in their midst, offering them a safe place, and welcoming them in their schools, their workplaces and their societies".
"The United States commends South Sudan for hosting almost 270,000 refugees from neighbouring countries, while deeply regretting the brutal and senseless conflict now underway in South Sudan, which has displaced almost four million South Sudanese, or more than one-third of the population, from their homes".
According to the United Nations, the war in South Sudan that broke out in 2013 has already claimed 2.5 million lives, forcing 3.3 million people to leave their homes, including 1.9 million displaced within the country.
The report showed that almost half of last year's refugee population is under 18 years old. According to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), the United Nations' migration agency, the number of migrants and refugees that entered Europe by sea routes saw further drastic reduction this year.
South Sudan has the fastest-growing displaced population in the world after peace efforts in the country fizzled out in July.
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UNICEF requires $13.6 million for its programmes to respond to the new influx of refugees in Ethiopia's Gambella Region, and $7.3 million for its response in Kenya.
"Canada did extremely well a year ago by resettling many, mainly Syrian, refugees", Beuze said Tuesday, noting that refugees have seen "huge support" from local communityand faith-based organizations.
Uganda's refugee policy has been called one of the most progressive in the world because refugees are allowed freedom of movement and can operate their own businesses.
A full 84 percent of refugees are living in low- and middle-income countries like Lebanon, Pakistan, and Ethiopia the UNHCR said, decrying a "huge imbalance".