It also expresses the council's "utmost concern" about North Korea's "highly destabilizing behavior and flagrant and provocative defiance" of council resolutions.
"Everyone came together", U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley told reporters.
The remarks came after North Korea conducted a missile launch on Sunday that the U.S. declared as a failure.
The UN Security Council on Thursday unanimously adopted a press statement strongly condemning North Korea's latest missile launch.
Such statements by the 15-member council have to be agreed by consensus.Previous statements denouncing missile launches "welcomed efforts by council members, as well as other states, to facilitate a peaceful and comprehensive solution through dialogue".
The disagreement with Russian Federation over the stronger language came ahead of a Security Council ministerial meeting next week on North Korea that will be chaired by US Secretary of States Rex Tillerson. Vice President Mike Pence, on a tour of Asian allies, has said repeatedly an "era of strategic patience" with North Korea is over. The ball is in their court.
The U.S. and South Korea are now engaged in joint Air Force exercises, which North Korea believes to be invasion prep.
The newspaper said the strike "will completely and immediately wipe out not only USA imperialists' invasion forces in South Korea and its surrounding areas but the US mainland and reduce them to ashes".
"We will defeat any attack and meet any use of conventional or nuclear weapons with an overwhelming and effective American response".
Trump told a news conference "some very unusual moves have been made over the last two or three hours", and that he was confident Chinese President Xi Jinping would "try very hard" to pressure Beijing's ally and neighbour North Korea over its nuclear and missile programs.
Guterres said countries "on the frontline" of the crisis - China, the United States, Japan, South Korea, Russia - must spare no effort to prevent a military buildup from Pyongyang.
Council diplomats, speaking anonymously because discussions were private, said the US, which is in charge of drafting council statements and resolutions on North Korea, had dropped the call for "dialogue" as part of its effort to toughen the text.